On the third day of celebration of Navratri Mother Goddess is worshiped as Chandraghanta, Married form of Mother Goddess. This shows that women should be honored from there childhood onwards. This is typically true for country like India where female foeticide is rampant. The male female ratio is alarming, some states present such dismal state. National female to male ratio is 940:1000. In states like Rajasthan it is 920:1000, in U.P 908:1000, in Punjab 893:1000, in Harayana 877:1000, in New Delhi 866:1000, in Dadra and Nagar Haveli 775:1000 and in Daman and Diu 618:1000. These are just some figures I while I have left many others which also need to be highlighted.
Fun part is in a country where women are ill treated you have biggest festivities for Mother Goddess. There are many friends of mine who think that I am trying to project religion whereas I am trying to point out that though we pray to the idols we maltreat our women. Religion has to be invoked where education and reason does not work because people are always afraid that Gods will protect them when they commit wrong when God considers that the wrong is done to her or him.
Invoking religion was done from time immemorial. According to Dr Pushpendra Kumar in Sakti-Cult in Ancient India ‘The following close resemblance between the cult of the Mother Goddess in Indus-Valley and in Sumeria, is sufficient to show the universality of the cult of Sakti. The Sanskrit epithet ‘Lokmata’ was right because the Mother Goddess was worshiped throughout the ancient world. The following points are similar in the cults of both countries :-
1. The Lion was the vehicle of the Goddess in both the countries while was the vehicle of her consort.
2. The Goddess was conceived in both the places as war-goddess.
3. The manifestationof the Goddess both as virgin, and as a married lady.
4. In both the countries the Goddess is intimately associated with hills and mountains.
5. And lastly even the term’Nana’ which is the name of Goddess in Sumeria is preserved in the Indian Name Nana Devi, enshrined at Hinglaj in Gujrat(now in Pakistan)
Thus in the opinion of Sir John Marshall, Sakti-worship originated in India out of the cult of the Mother Goddess and it was closely connected with the cult of Siva. Sakti and Siva are indissolubly linked in the imagination of India as the creative principle (power) and the creator, with a colourful family representing the collective organism of life.’
Also the author highlights how the female aspect are shown :-
“These three distinguishable types of Mother Goddess in the Rigveda :
1. The type of benficient, forgiving, kind and gentle Mother Goddess represented by Aditi
2. The type of Virgin Mother Goddess of marital spirit and beauty represented by Usa and
3. The type of Mother Goddess who is regarded as a tutelary or special guardian deity of a people represented by Saraswati, go to prove that all these were the different manifestations of the great divine principle conceived by the old sages in its female aspect.”
May be by invoking all the That is written about Mother Goddess this country again becomes close to getting its gender equality and more importantly respect to women. No country where common poor women are not educated does ever progress.